China Cove, Los Angeles County.
China Cove is near the southwestern end of San Clemente Island. Extensive archeological evidence suggests Chinese occupancy of the island until 1900. The Chinese were mostly abalone fishermen. They would pry the abalone from the rocks, remove the meat, tenderize it by pounding it and then boil it in a large kettle. After cooking, the meat was sun dried, sacked, and shipped to San Francisco where most of it would be sent to China. The abalone shells were sold throughout the United States, France and to Germany that specialized in the manufacture of abalone jewelry and buttons. Presently administered by the United States Navy, the island is not open to the public. See China Point, San Clemente Island, Los Angeles County. Reference:
Axford 1977: 28-29; Daily 1987: 45-46,178.
China Point, Los Angeles County.
(1) China Point was a site of Chinese fishing activity on San Clemente Island. It is on the south side of China Cove. Before 1934, there was widespread sheep ranching on the island. See China Cove, Los Angeles County. Reference: Daily 1987: 178; United States Geological Survey 1980.
(2) China Point is on the westernmost part of Santa Catalina Island. Reportedly, it was a place where illegal Chinese immigrants who were being returned to China were dropped off so that they could be smuggled back to the mainland. It is of note that in the earlier days, the Chinese apparently did not take part in the gold rush that took place on the island. Today, 86% (42,135 acres) of the island is privately owned by the Santa Catalina Island Conservancy, a nonprofit foundation established in 1972. The island is unique among the Channel Islands because of its urban development, the City of Avalon. Reference: Daily 1987: 186, 189, 190; United States Geological Survey 1950.
Santa Barbara County.
China Bay, Santa Barbara County.
China Camp, Santa Barbara County.