The Channel Islands





Los Angeles County
China Cove, Los Angeles County.
China Cove is near the southwestern end of San Clemente Island. Extensive archeological
evidence suggests Chinese occupancy of the island until 1900
. The Chinese were mostly abalone fishermen. They would pry the abalone from the rocks, remove the meat, tenderize it by pounding it and then boil it in a large kettle. After cooking, the meat was sun dried, sacked, and shipped to San Francisco where most of it would be sent to China. The abalone shells were sold throughout the United States, France and to Germany that specialized in the manufacture of abalone jewelry and buttons. Presently administered by the United States Navy, the island is not open to the public. See China Point, San Clemente Island, Los Angeles County. Reference:
Axford 1977: 28-29; Daily 1987: 45-46,178.
China Point, Los Angeles County.
(1) China Point was a site of Chinese fishing activity on San Clemente Island. It is on the south
s
ide of China Cove. Before 1934, there was widespread sheep ranching on the island. See China Cove, Los Angeles County. Reference: Daily 1987: 178; United States Geological Survey 1980.
(2) China Point is on the westernmost part of Santa Catalina Island
. Reportedly, it was a place
where illegal Chinese immigrants who were being returned to China were dropped off so that
the
y could be smuggled back to the mainland. It is of note that in the earlier days, the Chinese
apparently did not take part in the gold rush that took place on the island
. Today, 86% (42,135
acres) of the island is privately owned by the Santa Catalina Island Conservancy, a nonprofit
foundation established in 1972. The island is unique among the Channel Islands because of its
urban development, the City of Avalon. Reference: Daily 1987:
186, 189, 190; United States
Geological Survey 1950.
Santa Barbara County.

China Bay, Santa Barbara County.
China Bay was an early name for today's Chinese Harbor on Santa Cruz Island. See Chinese Harbor,
Santa Barbara County.

China Camp, Santa Barbara County.
China Camp is on the southwestern side of Santa Rosa Island. The site most likely dates to the late 1850's when the area was under the ownership of the More family. Chinese fishermen, possibly from the Sing Hop Company, Sun Lung Company or Sing Chung Company, established a permanent, but illegal, camp at that location. All that remains is a four-room wooden house. The island is presently part of the Channel Islands National Park. See Santa Rosa Island Chinese Fishing Camps, Santa Barbara County. Reference: Bentz 1997: 134-135; Daily 1987: 222-223, 236-238.
China Harbor, Santa Barbara County.
This is another name for Chinese Harbor on Santa Cruz Island. See Chinese Harbor, Santa
Barbara County
.
Chinese Cabin, Santa Barbara County.
A Chinese lobster fisherman had a cabin on Santa Barbara Island in 1897. The structure was
referred to as Chinese Cabin
. It was located above Landing Cove, accessible only by a wooden
bridge. Reference: Daily 1987: 66.
Chinese Harbor, Santa Barbara County.
Chinese Harbor forms a large bay on the northern side of the southern end of Santa Cruz Island.
A site of a Chinese abalone fishing camp
, its somewhat protected location made it a favorable
anchorage during northwesterly winds
. The harbor is also a spot where driftwood from Santa
Rosa and San Miguel Island would collect
. Thus, there was abundant fire wood for abalone
processing. Japanese fishermen occupied the area by 1909. Reference: Eaton 1980: 51
, 116, 136,
176; Manson 1999.  Photo

Chinese Point, Santa Barbara County.
Chinese Point is a small finger of land extending seaward in a northwest direction on the
northwest portion of San Miguel Island
. The Chinese resided on the island and fished its waters
from the mid-1800's into the early 1900's. Presently, the National Park Service manages and
preserves the scientific and cultural value of the island. Howe
ver, it is under the jurisdiction of
the United States Navy
. Reference: Daily 1987: 108, 122, 123.
Santa Rosa Island Chinese Fishing Camps, Santa Barbara County.
Archaeological research indicates that there were at least three unnamed Chinese fishing camps
on Santa Rosa Island
;
(1) There was a camp on the south side of the island, just west of a site called Johnson's Lee.
(2) Another camp was located on the southwest promontory of the island, just east of Sandy
Point
.
(3) An additional camp was near China Camp which is further west of Johnson's Lee and just east of Cluster PointSee China Camp, Santa Barbara County. Reference: Bentz 1997: 140-141.

Ventura County
Chinese Fisherman Shack, Ventura County.
A Chinese fisherman had a crudely built structure on the westernmost island in the string of small rocky islands collectively known as Anacapa Island. The shack dated to 1884. Reference: Daily 1987: 97.
Chinese Harbor, Ventura County.
Chinese Harbor is on San Nicolas Island. It was the site of a Chinese abalone fishing camp. A small cabin with stone walls was still evident in 1897. Presently, the harbor is known as Corral Harbor. Reference: Bentz 1997: 141; Daily 1987: 15l.
References
Axford, 1. Michael. 1977. "Current Research: Pacific West-California." Society for Historical Archaeology Newsletter 10(2): 28-29.
Bentz, Linda. 1997. "Chinese Fishermen of Santa Barbara and Santa Rosa Island." Chinese America: History and Perspectives, 1997: 129-147.
Daily, Marla. 1987. California's Channel Islands. SantaBarbara: McNally &
            Loftin, Publishers.
Eaton, Margaret Holden. 1980. Dairy of a Sea Captain's Wife. Santa Barbara:
            McNally & Loftin, West.
Manson, Lawrence H. 1999. February 16, Professor and Surf Rider Foundation
board member. Correspondence.
United State Geological Survey. 1980. San Clemente Island South Quadrangle. 7.5 Minute Series.

_____ . 1950. Santa Catalina South Quadrangle. 7.5 Minute Series