China Cove, Los Angeles County.
China Cove is near the southwestern end of San Clemente Island. Extensive archeological
evidence suggests Chinese occupancy of the island until 1900. The Chinese were mostly abalone fishermen. They would pry the abalone from the rocks, remove the meat, tenderize it by pounding it and then boil it in a large kettle. After cooking, the meat was sun dried, sacked, and shipped to San Francisco where most of it would be sent to China. The abalone shells were sold throughout the United States, France and to Germany that specialized in the manufacture of abalone jewelry and buttons. Presently administered by the United States Navy, the island is not open to the public. See China Point, San Clemente Island, Los Angeles County. Reference:
Axford 1977: 28-29; Daily 1987: 45-46,178.
China Point, Los Angeles County.
(1) China Point was a site of Chinese fishing activity on San Clemente Island. It is on the south
side of China Cove. Before 1934, there was widespread sheep ranching on the island. See China Cove, Los Angeles County. Reference: Daily 1987: 178; United States Geological Survey 1980.
(2) China Point is on the westernmost part of Santa Catalina Island. Reportedly, it was a place
where illegal Chinese immigrants who were being returned to China were dropped off so that
they could be smuggled back to the mainland. It is of note that in the earlier days, the Chinese
apparently did not take part in the gold rush that took place on the island. Today, 86% (42,135
acres) of the island is privately owned by the Santa Catalina Island Conservancy, a nonprofit
foundation established in 1972. The island is unique among the Channel Islands because of its
urban development, the City of Avalon. Reference: Daily 1987: 186, 189, 190; United States
Geological Survey 1950.
China Bay, Santa Barbara County.
China Camp, Santa Barbara County.
referred to as Chinese Cabin. It was located above Landing Cove, accessible only by a wooden
bridge. Reference: Daily 1987: 66.
A site of a Chinese abalone fishing camp, its somewhat protected location made it a favorable
anchorage during northwesterly winds. The harbor is also a spot where driftwood from Santa
Rosa and San Miguel Island would collect. Thus, there was abundant fire wood for abalone
processing. Japanese fishermen occupied the area by 1909. Reference: Eaton 1980: 51, 116, 136,
176; Manson 1999. Photo
northwest portion of San Miguel Island. The Chinese resided on the island and fished its waters
from the mid-1800's into the early 1900's. Presently, the National Park Service manages and
preserves the scientific and cultural value of the island. However, it is under the jurisdiction of
the United States Navy. Reference: Daily 1987: 108, 122, 123.
on Santa Rosa Island;