China Street, Amador County.
China Street in the community of Drytown parallels Main Street and connects Highway 49 and Main Street. China Street formed the center of Drytown Chinatown. See Drytown Chinatown, Amador County. Reference: Compass Maps 1997.
Chinese Adobe Building, Amador County.
Built in 1850 on West Main Street in the community of Fiddletown, the large structure (24 x 27 feet) is made of adobe bricks. Of note is its compacted earth ceiling. It is one of the last buildings of Fiddletown Chinatown. See Fiddletown Chinatown, Amador County. Reference: Office of Historic Preservation 1978a.
Chinese Brick Store, Amador County.
Built in 1850 at West Main Street in Fiddletown, Chinese Brick Store is a two story brick-
covered, stone-walled store. The walls consists of schist-mud lime mortar. It is one of the few remaining structures of Fiddletown Chinatown. See Fiddletown Chinatown, Amador County. Reference: Office of Historic Preservation 1978b.
Chinese Gambling House, Amador County.
Chinese Gambling House on West Main Street in Fiddletown dates to 1855. Its longevity may be attributed to its brick and stone construction=resistance to fire was an important consideration in the early days. See Fiddletown Chinatown, Amador County. Reference: Nadeau 1992: 83.
Drytown Chinatown, Amador County.
Drytown Chinatown, centered around China Street, was in the community of Drytown. It was a booming place that lasted as long as the gold in the nearby area. See China Street, Amador County. Reference: Zorbas 1997: 95.
Fiddletown Chinatown, Amador County.
Fiddletown Chinatown covered most of the southwest portion of Fiddletown with West Main Street as its center. By 1880, about 45 percent of Fiddletown's population was Chinese with one-half working as miners. Presently, there are four buildings associated with the Chinese. The state has identified all of the structures as historically significant. The two that are well preserved and restored are the Chew Kee Herb Store and Chinese Gambling House. The other two, known simply as the Chinese brick store and Chinese adobe building, are to be renovated. See Chew Kee Herb Store, Amador County; Chinese Adobe Building, Amador County; Chinese Brick Store, Amador County; Chinese Gambling House. Reference: Nadeau 1992: 83; Zorbas 1997: 30, 101.
Fiddletown Chinese Cemetery, Amador County.
Fiddletown Chinese Cemetery was located on the edge of Fiddletown. It was abandoned in 1917 when the last occupant was disinterred. See Fiddletown Chinatown, Amador County. Reference:Zorbas 1997: 30, 101. Maps 1997.
1860. See Buena Vista Store, Amador County. Reference: Office of Historic Preservation 1979b.
Chinatown had three laundries, a school, joss house and shirt factory by 1884. The new
settlement was particularly notable because of the attempts to destroy it. A widespread economic depression caused many non-Chinese to believe that the Chinese were taking jobs away from
them. Anti-Chinese activities increased to the point of two separate arson attempts, the killing of four Chinese and the wounding of two others. Twelve non-Chinese were arrested with four being sentenced to prison for their role in the disturbances. All evidence of Chico New
Chinatown was gone by 1974. See Chico Old Chinatown, Butte County. Reference: Pricer 1996: 31,37-38; McGowan 1961: 325-326; Sanborn Insurance Map 1884a.
officially became Helltown China Town. See Helltown China Town, Butte County; Chinese Camp, Butte County. Reference: Gudde and Gudde 1975: 71.
Oroville Chinatown, Butte County.
one finds the main temple (built for Taoists in 1863), the Moon Temple (constructed for Buddhists in 1868) and the Chan Room for Confucians (built in 1874). Newer facilities include a display hall, memorial pavilion, garden courtyard and reconstructed living quarters of a Chinese miner, circa the 1800's. The temple complex is California Historical Landmark No. 770 and is on the National Register of Historic Places. See Oroville Chinatown, Butte County. Reference: "Chinese Temple..."; "Guide ..."; Office of Historic Preservation 1976.
West China Point, Butte County.
West China Point is located about one and one-half miles from Stirling City. The Point is actually a ridge that extends in a southwest manner for about one mile. Reference: United States Geological Survey 1979c.
Combellak Road and Baker Road. There has been gold mining throughout the area. Reference:
Oakhurst, Coarse Gold Creek, Grub Gulch and Fine Gold Creek. In fact, the Chinese were panning for gold at Coarse Gold in 1854. The lesser amounts of gold in the southern portion caused a continual movement southward into the Kern River/Tehachapi area. Reference:
Depression. Reference: Theodoratus 1984: 303-304.
It is two miles south-southeast of the Groverland Ranger Station on Big Oak Flat Road in the Stanislaus National Forest Stanislaus National Forest. Reference: United States Geological Survey 1949b.
Street. It was the primary street of Coulterville Chinatown. See Coulterville Chinatown, Mariposa County; Kow Street, Mariposa County. Reference: Compass Maps 1994.
Sun Sun Wo General Store, Mariposa County. Reference: Nadeau 1992: 129.
the plaza and dates to 1852. Like others, Hornitos Chinatown consisted of wooden buildings. They burned by accident and not rebuilt. Reference: Williams 1971: 41, 47.
A detailed marker placed by the Donner Summit Historical Society. (Marker Number 30.) on Donner Pass Road, Town of Truckee, states, "They were a great army laying siege to Nature in her strongest citadel." -- Beyond the Mississippi, 1869. They worked sunrise to sunset, six days a week, 52 weeks a year. Had it not been for the Chinese workers brought from China, the Central Pacific Railroad would not have been built. More than 8,000 Chinese workers toiled for years to build the railroad from Sacramento to Utah. They endured avalanches, blasting accidents, rock slides, blizzards, icy cold, exhaustion, and prejudice. Ironically, it was first thought Chinese workers would not be acceptable. Leland Stanford supposedly said though, "They built the Great Wall" didn't they? In the American West, they built a great railroad. There were Chinese camps all along the rail route and artifacts can still be found. Of course the railroad is the biggest monument but here, China Wall is a great example of their work. The Sierra are rugged and to lay a rail route with a maximum 3% grade is difficult. Fifteen tunnels had to be blasted through solid granite at inches of progress a day. High spots had to be cut, trestles and bridges to span rivers had to be built, and low spots had to be filled in. China Wall is one such low spot, filled with rubble from the tunnel nearby. Today it would be easy: a few bulldozers could fill it in hours. The Chinese moved the rock and dirt and the filling was done by hand. "I wish to call to your minds that the early completion of this railroad we have built has been in large measure due to that poor, despised class of laborers called the Chinese, to the fidelity and industry they have shown." Judge E.B. Crocker."
China Wall of the Sierra, Nevada County.
A plaque on Donner Pass Road, Truckee, Nevada County, was placed by the Truckee-Donner Historical Society and the Chief Truckee Chapter No. 3691, E. Clampus Vitus. It states, "Charles Crocker, Construction Chief of the Central Pacific Railroad (CPRR), contracted for a workforce of approximately 12,000 Chinese laborers to push the CPRR tracks over its Trans-Sierra Crossing on its race east to a meet with the Union Pacific at Promontory, Utah Territory. A railroad retaining wall and fill, constructed of Sierra granite, stand silently above on the pass as a lasting monument to the Asian “Master Builders” who left an indelible mark on the history of California and the West."
Chinese Laundry Building, Nevada County.
Grass Valley Chinatown, Nevada County.
Grass Valley Chinatown in the community of Grass Valley was located between Auburn Street and Wolf Creek, south of Bank Alley. Fire consumed Grass Valley Chinatown in the 1870's and it was not rebuilt. Reference: McGowan 1961: 326; Sanborn Insurance Map 1891; Wells 1962: 79.
Great Summit Tunnel of the Sierra Nevada, Nevada County.
A plaque references the Chinese workers who helped develop the 1,659 foot long tunnel at the summit (Tunnel 6). It is located along Highway 80 near the community of Norden. See Tunnel 6 Monument, Nevada County. Reference: Hendley 2014.
Nevada City Chinatown, Nevada County.
Nevada City Chinatown in Nevada City extended along Commercial street from
south Pine past York street to the top of Broad Street. by 1850-1860. It contained a temple, housing herbalists, barbers and restaurants. When gold mining in the area ceased, the Chinese moved on. However, many Chinese artifacts have been preserved. See Nevada City Firehouse Museum, Nevada County. Reference: Williams 1971: 42.
Nevada City Chinese American Cemetery, Nevada County.
Nevada City Chinese American Cemetery was a burial site for Chinese in the 1890's. It still has ceremonial burners, parts of the original fence, a gate and a monument. It is thought that the cemetery was a permanent burial site unlike others where the deceased was disinterred with the bones being sent back to China for final interment. Reference: Wey 1988: 147.
Nevada City Firehouse Museum, Nevada County.
The museum has a substantial collection of early Chinese immigrant artifacts and a temple altar. Reference: Lew 1984: 10.
North Bloomfield Chinatown, Nevada County.
North Bloomfield Chinatown in Malakoff Diggins State Historic Park was located one block south of Main Street off Relief Hill Road. It was the home of between 200 and 300 Chinese laborers and miners. They built ditches and accounted for about one-half the miners at the North Bloomfield Gravel Mining Company. There were stores, residences, a laundry and joss house within the Chinatown. See China Garden, Nevada County. Reference: Felton 1979: 16-17,39, Figure 3.
North Bloomfield Chinese Cemetery, Nevada County.
North Bloomfield Chinese Cemetery, Malakoff Diggins State Historic Park, was next to Haner-Sherwood Diggins and close to Relief Hill Road. Originally, deceased Chinese were temporarily buried in the North Bloomfield Cemetery. Eventually, they would be disinterred and the bones sent to China for reburial. But expansion of the cemetery caused development of another one--for Chinese only. As of late 1970's, one Chinese remained buried in the cemetery. Reference: Felton 1979: 162, Figure 3.